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Question:

Asak, What is the permissibility of performing the witr without any shaf ie just one rakah on its own ?

Answer:

All praise are due to Allah.

This is a matter about which the scholars differed, and such differences in Fiqh opinions should not be a reason for divisions amongst Muslims.

The majority of the Ulema, including the Maliki, Shafii’, Hanbali schools, state that the minimum number of rak’ahs for Witr is one rak’ah, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Witr is one rak’ah at the end of the night.” Narrated by Muslim, 752. And he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The night prayers are two (rak’ahs) by two, but if one of you fears that dawn is about to break, let him pray one rak’ah to make what he has prayed odd-numbered.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 911; Muslim, 749.

According to these ulema, if a person limits himself to praying one rak’ah, then he has performed the Sunnah, although praying 3 is undoubtedly better.

However, according to the Hanafi school, performing Witr with a minimum of 3 Rakats is Wajib, and one raka’ah is not sufficient.

Allah Most High knows best.

Question:

Towards the end of Surah Baqrah (~ayat 266). Allah talks about people doing good deeds and then boasting about it and how his/her deeds will be vanished. There are multiple ahadiths on this topic as well, especially the one about the pious person who will enter hell because he was doing things to show off to people. I have a question: how one can attain sincerity to Allah?

Answer:

All praise be to Allah.

Thank you sister for taking the time to write to us. Guarding and purifying one’s intentions purely for the sake of Allah is one of the most important actions, and not doing so, and showing off, was described by the Prophet alayhi as salam as minor Shirk, may Allah save us from that.

The advice I can give you is:

1.) Always bear in mind that nothing in the universe, no person or creature, can benefit you or harm you in any way save by Allah’s permission. Always know that if you please Allah, even if others are displeased with you, you will attain Allah’s pleasure.

2.) Try your best to do acts of worship in private, and conceal them from others. This will be more pleasing to Allah.

3.) Feeling good about your good deeds is part of the reward of doing them, but beware of others praising you. The Prophet alayhi as salam said, if one praises you, you should throw dust in his face, and some scholars even took this literally. Some ulema stated, this should be a reminder to them and you that they are harming you by this praise. Others said, it would be a reminder for them that we are all created from dust.

Finally, you can repeat the dua: Allahuma innee ‘audhubika an ushrika bika shayan ‘alamahu, wa astagfiruka li ma la ‘alamuh. Oh Allah, I seek refuge in You from from making shirk with You while knowing, and seek Your forgiveness for that which I do not know.

May Allah help us attain sincerity in all of our actions.

And Allah knows best.

Question:

My wife is asking about whether it is permissable to attend a baby shower. Jazakuallahu khair.

Answer:

All praise be to Allah.

According to the Association of Muslim Jurists of America, celebrating and having a gathering and giving gifts to a new or expecting mother are from the customs and cultures of people that are permissible, since they are not specific to a particular religion. The Ulema permit these types of generic aspects of culture as long as they do not include practices that are prohibited by Islam.

Some prohibited practices include:

1.) Music

2.) Believing that touching or placing fruit on the mother’s stomach will bring good luck. Good and bad luck is only by the permission of Allah.

3.) Believing in superstitions, such as a woman who previously had a miscarriage should not go near the mother. Such beliefs have no basis in reality.

If these and similar things are avoided, and the gathering is conducted in adherence to all the rules of Shariah, then there is no objection to it.

And Allah knows best.

Question:

In time of distress if one say Oh my gosh is this a form of shirk and if the person believes in Allah firmly can this be forgiven?

Answer:

All praise be to Allah.

Saying ‘oh my gosh’ or ‘oh my goodness’ is sometimes said as an alternative way of saying ‘oh my God’.

The statement is not intended as a dua’, or as a means of seeking help from other than Allah, so it cannot be construed as shirk. Most people say it simply as a means of exclamation.

The Prophet, may peace and Allah’s blessings be upon him, said: “Actions are according to intentions.” Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim.

Some people believe one should not mention the name of God in vain, and sometimes they write it as G-d. This belief is incorrect. It permissible to call on Allah by any of His Names. Allah says, “To Allah belongs the Beautiful Names, so call on Him by them.”

And Allah knows best.

Question:

My department at the university will be hosting a graduation party during which they will serve alcohol. Is it permissable to attend this party?

Answer:

All praise is due to Allah.

It is narrated in Sunan at-Tirmidhi with an authentic chain by Jabir that the Prophet alayhi as salaam said: “Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, let not him or her sit at a gathering where intoxicants are being served.”

Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘Allaah will ask His slave on the Day of Resurrection until He says: What prevented you, when you saw something evil, from denouncing it?'” According to another report: “One of you will be asked on the Day of Resurrection until he is asked: What prevented you from denouncing evil when you saw it?” (Reported by Imaam Ahmad and Ibn Maajah, 4017; see also Saheeh al-Jaami’, 1818).

Attending such gatherings will cause one’s heart to die. It is best if you turn this into an opportunity to give dawah to your colleagues and teach them alittle about Islam.

Allah knows best.

Question:

While exerting myself I found that some white fluid gushed forth from my private part, do I have to make ghusl from this?

Answer:

All praise is due to Allah.

The emission of this fluid requires one to make ghusl. The Prophet salla Allahu ‘alahi wa salam stated: “The water (of ghusl) is due from the water (manee).”

Manee is a white fluid that is emitted with a gush and is followed by relaxation. This may occur due to relations with one’s spouse, or during sleep, or due to exertion or excitement.

These other types of fluid that exit the private part only require one to perform wudu:

1.) urine

2.) madhy: clear sticky fluid that is emitted slowly while having thoughts about the opposite gender

3.) wady: small amount of white fluid that is emitted due to cold or after urination.

And Allah knows best.

Question:

I am just wondering if we can join alive prayers when they are broadcast.

Answer:

The scholars say this is not allowed, since one’s prayer line must be
connected or in view of the rest of those praying. Listening on a
loud speaker is okay if there is a physical connection (like a hallway
or stairwell or balcony) that is connected to the others praying. But
on a broadcast there is no physical connection. Some of the Madhahab
even limit the distance between the prayer lines.

Allah knows best.

Question:

Is there anything wrong with saying that Abu Talib died as a non-Muslim?

Answer:

No, the Prophet alayhi salam himself mentioned that
Abu Talib will be in the least level of the hell-fire,
and even this would cause the brains to boil,
and if it was not for the Prophet’s intercession,
he would have been in the deepest part of the fire,
as is narrated in Bukhari.

Allah knows best.

Question:

Is pronouncing shahada (in Arabic) part of excepting Islam, or just
believing in that is sufficient?

Answer:

It is not essential to make the annoucement of the Shahadah publicly. Simply saying it by oneself will cause a person to become a Muslim.

But in order to be our brother or sister in Islam, one must pronounce
their Shahadatayn, in any language, in front of the Muslims.
If they keep it secret, than Allah knows what is in their hearts, and
He will reward based on that in the Akhirah, but they will be
considered a non-Muslim from the worldly perspective.

It is not sufficient to simply pronounce the Shahadah, but one must
also have complete conviction in their heart. Know that Islam is the truth,
and hasten to make your shahadah, and do not delay.

Allah knows best.

Question:

I heard from some preachers that the age of Khadija when she got married to
our Prophet (saw) mentioned differently in the classical books of seerah.
Also it is said that only one of those mentions that she was 40, but other
give different ages even 28 or 29. Could you please give me any name of
those books? I heard that Ibn Ishaq in his seerah mentions this, but the
translation I found online says Muhammad married Khadija, who was some
fifteen years older than he.

Answer:

The most authentic narrations state that the Prophet alayhi as salam
was 25 and Khadija was 40 when they were married. There are some weak narrations that say she was younger.

As for Ibn Ishaaq’ seerah, it is known to have many weak narrations. Ibn Hisham pointed out some of these weak narrations.

Perhaps you can refer to Ibn Hisham’s Seerah for more details on this issue.

And Allah knows best.

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