Browsing Posts in Worship

Question:
Salam. Can you suggest me the best source of islamic jurisprudence book that gives me the strong basic in this science?? Thank a lot !

Answer:

Walaikum salam wrt wb beloved brother,

All praises are due to Allah. You have asked about something great, which is seeking knowledge. This is one of the greatest endeavors a person can undertake. The Prophet sallahallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “Whoever treads a path is search of knowledge, Allah will make his path to Paradise easy for him.”

Islamic Jurisprudence should be learned from its specialists, that is the Fuqahaa, the scholars. If possible, one can travel to the Islamic Lands, such as Makkah and Madina, and learn from the Ulema there. If that is not possible, one can look for the scholars who have specialized in Fiqh and learn from them. Here on ImamFaisal.com , we are conveying the knowledge from the Prophet’s Masjid taught by Sh. Atiyya Salim and others. I would recommend you listen to all of the lectures on this website, and share it with your families and others. This would be a good starting point.

A good reference work for Fiqh is Bulugh al Maram, and the various commentaries on it, such as Subul as Salaam, by Imam San’aani. I have translated some of the commentary in the form of Word documents next to each lecture. Try to find a reputable scholar or shaikh and be a student to him, and listen to his guidance and suggestions, and before all, make your intention sincerely for sake of Allah. Have adab, humbleness, and love and respect for the ulema. Beware of the ignorant who slander the ulema or accuse them of making mistakes, and argue in religious matters, this is poison for the seeker of ‘ilm.

May Allah reward you and increase you much in ‘ilm.

Allah knows best.

Question:
My question was about this hadith who made it authentic? because i have read somewere that ahmed shakir and ibn hezm or hazm made it sahih is this correct

Found in: Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Details of Commencing Prayer
Hadith no: 747
Narrated: Abdullah bin Masud
Alqamah said: Abdullah ibn Masud said: Should I pray in the way the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) had performed it? He said: He prayed, raising his hands only once.

because im having loot of trouble when i pray like the way sheikh albani rahimallah said or ibn baz said
my heart gets angry for some kind of reason i cant explain why. now that i have started praying with only doing the takbir once
i feel better can you please explain… beacuse alot of people say the way the hanafis pray is daef can you please sheed some light
my dear brother? very confused.

Answer:

All praise is due to Allah. I hope you have a chance to listen to the lectures on ImamFaisal.com . I think as your knowledge increases this whisper of the shaitan will go away from you. In Islam we have 4 madhabs, and in fact other views as well. All of the Ulema are following their shuyukh in a pathway going back to the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. They are all correct.

In the Shafii and Hanbali school, the hands are raised in 4 places, the takbiratil ihram, before and after Ruku’ (bowing), and after standing up for the 3rd raka’ah.

In the Hanafi school, the hands are only raised in the beginning.

Whichever school one follows, the evidences are present, and there is no harm in following any of these ulema.

As for the hadith you mentioned, I am not aware of it and I would need the Arabic to search for it. In any case, it is a big mistake to make a judgement based on one hadith without looking at the commentary of the ulema. This is the classic mistake of the beginning student of knowledge. It is important not to be fanatical towards one particular school or ruling or scholar, but we must be balanced and study all of the schools and be willing to learn and understand other views. The deen is not only one view, rather Allah ta’ala willed that there would be more than one view on many issues.

Try to study comparative Fiqh, and humble yourself to the Ulema. There is a lot to learn. There are texts that support raising the hands in other places in the prayer, such as after Ruku’, and they have very strong chains of narration, such as in Bukhari. One should humble themselves to the Ulema and try not to be arrogant or argue with them. In this way knowledge will flow to us and it will be absorbed and we will benefit by it.

May Allah increase you much in knowledge and love and devotion to the ‘ilm.

Allah knows best.

Wassalam,

Question:

I converted to Islam in February. During my fast I had a very emotional breakdown, and out of frustration I broke my fast and for about two days stopped praying. After this time, I resumed fasting the rest of the month and have continued to pray the five prayers as normal. I am not sure what to do. Can you please tell me if I should make up for the whole fast by fasting 60 days or feeding 60 poor people? Or should I make up for the days missed only. I was also not in my hometown during the entire month of the fast because I was away staying with family. I would appreciate any advising you could give me.

Answer:

All praise is due to Allah.

Alhamdulillah and congratulations on your coming to Islam and being guided to the Oneness of Allah. Beloved brother, know that our faith will be tested and that a beautiful home in the hereafter awaits the righteous.

As for the hardships you faced during Ramadan, the majority of ulema state that you should make up the two days that you missed, along with the prayers. You should also ask Allah for forgiveness for missing those days of fasting and prayer. As long as you did not have marital relations in the daytime during those two days, the correct view is that there is no need for the kafarah (expiation of fasting or feeding 60 poor people).

The school of Imam Ahmad states that one who abandons salat is not Muslim, so their view is that one who resumes prayer should simply make tawbah for abandoning prayer, and do a lot of extra good deeds and make lots of duas to make up for what they missed.

It would be advisable to spend time developing your Imaan, attending the masajid, and meet your fellow Muslims to support you. Try not to let the worries of the dunya affect your religious life. Remind your family and colleagues that you are following the original message of Jesus, and that they should go away from the innovations and commercialization inserted into his message.

I pray that Allah Most High grants you knowledge that will dispel any doubts and imaan that will help you overcome the trials of this dunya. May Allah make your affairs easy and guide you further as you increase your knowledge of this beautiful deen, and keep you firm on Islam for your entire life.

And Allah knows best.

Question: My mother, who lives oversees wants me to do the qurbani here on her behalf. But she will not pay for it until about a month later. Is it ok for me to do it out of my money and get paid back later from her.Jazakallah Khair.

Answer:

Walaikum salam wrt wb honorable sister:

All praise is due to Allah.

There is nothing wrong with the situation you mentioned. Your doing
qurbani on her behalf will suffice, and it does not matter if she pays
for the qurbaani now or later, or if you forgoe the payment
altogether.

It is permissable to appoint an agent to carry out the udhiya on one’s behalf.

It should be noted that one qurbaani suffices for the entire
household, no matter how many people are living together even if this
includes extended family, grandparents, etc.

It should also be noted that the strongest view amongst the ulema is
that the udhiya (qurbaani) is a sunnah ma’akada.

Allah knows best.

Question:

How does one remove the effect of magic?

Answer:

Verily the praises are to Allah, and may Allah’s peace and blessings be
upon prophet Muhammed.

Magic has an adverse affect on one’s comprehension. One should
study the beneficial knowledge from our noble ulema to counteract
this evil affect. One should try their utmost to learn this knowledge,
and Allah willing it will remove the evil effect. One should try to
spend much time in the environments of ilm.

And Allah knows. Shaikh Sajid

Question:
Salam alaikum wrb,
I have a relative that passed away. He did not pray for many years.
Can I hire someone to pray on his behalf, and transfer the rewards
to him to make up for the prayers that he missed.

Answer:
Praises are to Allah, and peace be upon prophet Muhammed.
Walaikum salam wrb,

There are a couple issues that come up from your question.

First, is your relative that passed away considered a believer that will
enter the jannah or not? The answer to that is if he heeded the
call of our noble ulema, shuyukh , and imams that called
to the belief only in Allah alone and nothing else, along with the beliefs
that follow along with it, like the belief in prophet Muhammed, may Allah’s
peace and blessings be upon him. Or on the other hand if he was averse
to them, and to the Islamic knowledge.

If the person was not praying for a long time, the person should have repented
by regretting having skipped the prayers and starting to pray before his
death. At the deathbed, one is encouraged to prompt the dying person to say
the kalimatain before his death. What will come out is what the dying
person did throughout his life.

It is unfortunate that even though the whole family may be devout muslims,
they cannot help their relative in regards to faith. Each person is
responsible for himself, and one cannot transfer faith from one person to
another.

The second question, does a person make up the owed prayers of a
relative that passed away? The answer to that is no. The relatives only
make up a owed hajj, and owed days of some types of fasting. The
prayers are not made up.

The third question, can rewards be transferred to the deceased?
The ulema have said that the rewards pertaining to money are transferred,
like giving sadaqah on behalf of the deceased. Many of the ulema have
said that rewards pertaining to physical actions like prayer, fasting, etc.
are not transferred. Allah with His infinite bounty multiplies the rewards,
and the rewards are not at all diminished from any person. The sins, however,
cannot be erased from the deceased, or transferred from the deceased to
a living person.

The best things to do on behalf of the deceased is to supplicate for him,
and try to spread the beneficial knowledge through his behalf. This is because
there is a hadith that says that prophet Muhammad, may Allah’s peace and
blessings be upon him, said three things continue for the deceased after
death: sadaqah jariah; beneficial knowledge; and a righteous son that supplicates
for him.

The fourth question, can someone hire someone to do good deeds, and
then transfer the deeds? My shaikh, Atiya Muhammad Salim, may Allah have
mercy on him, says that if someone does these deeds because of getting paid,
he does not earn any reward because of the wrong intention, and therefore there
is nothing that would be transferred.

It is important for all of us to heed the call of our ulema, shuyukh,
and imams, before that time of death reaches us. We pray that our rewards
continue to grow for us greatly all the way to the day of judgement.

And Allah knows.

Shaikh Sajid

Question:

Can you please describe the limitations of dress to be worn by men and women while offering salah?

Can a man offer salah with vest on top?

Answer:

Praises are to Allah, and peace be upon prophet Muhammed.

May Allah reward you for asking the question, and I pray that
Allah give you much goodness.

Propeht Muhammed, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him said, “Pray as you see me praying”, and we pray the way that prophet Muhammed, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him taught us. The way that prophet Muhammed, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him, is explained to us by our noble ulema. When we follow the ulema, we follow prophet Muhammed, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him.

The parts that need to be covered is called “Awra”. The Awra required during salat is normally the same as that outside of salat. For men it is between the navel and knees. Some ulema allow less to be covered, i.e. covering the private parts front and back. Some ulema also say that the shoulders should be covered. For women the aura is everything except the hands and face, and there is a difference of opinion on the feet.

For the Awra, it is the minimal amount that has to be covered, and one cannot wear less than that. One can wear more, Allah willing, as long as the additional clothing is not haram.

There are texts available on this subject, as well as the other subjects of fiqh, and I would encourage you to learn more about them from our noble ulema, as well as the different views that they have. May Allah reward you and increase you much in the beneficial knowledge.

And Allah knows.

Question:

What animals are allowed for aqeeqah?

Answer:

Praises are to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon Allah’s honorable messenger.

The view of the majority of ulema is that aqeeqah is an emphasized sunnah. The animals that are allowed for aqeeqah are the same for udhiyah (animal slaughtered on eid udha 10th of Dhul Hijja): camels, cows (and bulls), goat, and sheep. There are no animals allowed besides these.   The animal should be slaughtered wholely for the aqeeqah. Some scholars say that  the animal cannot be portioned, like a seventh of a cow or camel for udhiyah.

     What is recommended is two sound and healthy rams for a boy, and one sound and healthy ram for a girl. Some narrations mention just one ram for a boy. It should be slaughtered on the 7th day after birth. If not then the 14th day is recommended, then 21st,  then anytime after. It is recommended that the animal be cooked, some of the ulema mention roasting it whole.  It can be given  in charity, to friends and family, or eaten by oneself. Don’t forget to give some of the meat to your shaikh.

And Allah knows.

Shaikh Sajid

Question:

What is the ruling of performing Umrah on behalf of another person?

Answer:

Praises are to Allah, and may peace and blessings be upon prophet Muhammed.

The ulema have rebuked performing repetitive umrahs on one visit, and have considered this act an innovation (bidah). 

In the case of fulfilling the obligatory hajj on behalf of someone that is deceased, or not physically able to perform it, it is allowed, provided the person has already done the obligatory hajj for himself first. The obligatory Hajj is looked at as a debt to Allah. Many of the ulema consider both hajj and umrah obligatory on an individual, and this obligatory umrah would fall under the same ruling. In the case of an optional hajj or umrah the ulema have differed. For optional deeds, the ulema have categorized them into two categories, maaliya (dealing with money), and amaliya (physical actions). In the case of maaliya, like donating money for the behalf of another individual, the ulema have said it is allowed.   For amaliya, like praying, fasting, etc.  many of the ulema have said it is not allowed and does not transfer to another individual.

The best thing that one can do for the deceased, is to make much duas (supplications) for them. Also to propogate the beneficial knowledge on their behalf. These  things are mentioned in the hadith of rasul Allah, may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him, as deeds that continue to accrue for the deceased after passing away.    

And Allah knows.

Shaikh Sajid

Question:

Asak,My Question is,is there any difference in the way of praying salaah between a male and a female.If yes, please state the differences.
Jazakallah.

Answer:

All praise is due to Allah.

In general, the Ulema state that both men and women were addressed by the Messenger of Allah, may Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him, when he stood up on the minbar and performed Salat, and then came down to perform the Sajdahs, and when he finished, he said: “Pray (all of you) the way you all have (just) seen me praying.”

However, some ulema indicate that it may be more concealing for a woman to press her body close together in sajdah, and this may especially be the case if she can be seen praying by men.

Abu Dawud narrates that the Prophet may Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him passed by two women praying, and said, “If you two perform Sajdah press your bodies close to the ground, for a woman is not like a man in that.”

عن يزيد بن أبي حبيب ، أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم مر على امرأتين تصليان فقال : ( إذا سجدتما فضمَّا بعض اللحم إلى الأرض ؛ فإن المرأة ليست في ذلك كالرجل ) .

رواه أبو داود في ” المراسيل ” ( ص 118 ) ، والبيهقي ( 2 / 223 )

Since this hadith is weak, it cannot be said that this action is part of one’s prayer. However, when praying in view of others, a woman should be careful to guard her modesty as much as possible.

Allah knows best.

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