Shaikh Abdurahman bin Nasir bin Sa’adi
‘Allamah Shaikh Abd ar-Rahman ibn Nasir as-Sa’di at-Tamimi (1889–1956) was a prominent Islamic scholar, jurist, exegete, and Arabic grammarian with a great interest in poetry who contributed many works on a variety of subjects, including his famous Tafsir. May Allah benefit us from his works.
Shaikh Abd ar-Rahman ibn Nasir as-Sa’di was born in the city of Unayzah in the Qasim Province of Saudi Arabia on September 8, 1889 (12th of Muharram 1307 H). His mother died when he was four years old and his father when he was seven. He was raised by his stepmother until he became old enough to live with his brother.
As a child, he was known for his intelligence and memorized the Quran by the age of eleven. Even after memorizing the Qur’an, he continued to seek knowledge from the scholars of his town as well as those who passed through it, giving him experience in many Islamic disciplines.
By the age of twenty-three, he was teaching students of his own. He was considered an expert in fiqh and usool al-fiqh. Initially, he adhered to the Hanbali school of Islamic law (madhab), as did his early teachers. He went on to study the works of Ibn Taymiyyah (d.1328) and Ibn al-Qayyim (d.1350) extensively, and, as he progressed in his studies, he no longer restricted himself to the Hanbali school, but rather followed the course he believed to be proven by the strongest evidences. He was also an expert in tafsir (Quranic exegesis or commentary), having read many books of tafsir and studied it under his teachers; he later authored a tafsir himself.
His Teachers and Students
His teachers included:
Muhammad Amin as-Shanqiti
Ali Nasir Abu Wadaye
Salih ibn Uthman al-Qadi
Muhammad ibn Abdul Kareem as-Shibil
His students include:
Muhammad ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen
Abdullah ibn Abd al-Aziz ibn Aqeel
Ali ibn Zamal Aslaim
Aludin Kujab Qadaas
Books and treatise written by Shaikh as-Sa’di include:
Taysir al-Karim ar-Rahman fee Tafsir al-Qur’an’ – Tafsir of the Quran and his most famous work
al-Qawaa’id wal-Usool al-Jaami’ah wal-Furooq wat -Taqaaseem al-Badee’ah an-Naafi’ah – Explanation of the principles in Usool al-Fiqh
Radd alaa al-Qaseemee
al-Braansi Waaghir va-Jinna
al-Haqq al-Waadhih al-Mubayyin
Bahjatu Quloob al-Abraar
al-Durrat al-Fakhira (The Exquisite Pearl)
Shaikh as-Sa’di passed away at the age of 69 on a Thursday in the year 1956 C.E. of complications arising from an unidentified illness that he suffered from for approximately five years. He was buried in the city of Unayzah; his funeral prayer took place after the Dhuhur prayer in the grand mosque of that city, with numerous people attending. May Allah continue to benefit us with his knowledge and cause it to propogate through us until the Day of Judgement.